The fire is one of the most serious threats to the person's life, health and property. It is very important to understand the basic rules of the fire safety. Following these rules you can avoid the risk of fire, as well as help your friends and family protect their homes. Here are some tips on how to avoid a fire in your home.
Photo: depositphotos. Rooftop house fire
Cooking is one of the main causes of home fires and kitchen is the place where the majority of house fires starts. There are several precautions one can take to prevent the fire in the kitchen. First, when you cook, try not to leave anything unattended. You shouldn't overfill pots and pans with oil. It's better to roll up sleeves if they are too long and tie back long hair. Keep all the flammable stuff as far away from the stove as possible. Keep your kitchen appliances clean, pay attention to the oven and stove-top: the food residue can be flammable. Place a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, so it's always on hand. Don't forget about the fire alarms and smoke detectors.
Smoking is not only an unhealthy habit, but it is also one of the leading causes of home fires and fire-related injuries. Smoking affects your health and the health of all the people around you, but it also can affect your home without a fire. If you really love smoking, just try not to smoke inside your home. Always make sure that all the cigarette ends are completely extinguished. Leave them in the ashtray to make sure they wouldn't start burning again. Make sure that the ashtray you use is heavy enough and made of non-combustible materials. Always double-check that the contents of the ashtray are cold, only then you can empty it. Don’t ever smoke in bed, especially if you’re tired. Don't smoke while using any sort of drugs or alcohol.
Sometimes fire starts because of the flaws of the heating equipment. Always unplug all your heating appliances when you don't use them. Try to keep them clean, well-maintained, away from wet areas. Stop using any malfunctioning appliance: they must be fixed or thrown away. Keep all the potentially flammable items away from any heating equipment. Ensure that all the heating devices are installed and serviced by a professional.
Photo: depositphotos. Windows of the burning house
If you have a wood-burning fireplace or stove, make sure that it is properly installed, well maintained. Don’t forget to open the damper and keep it open until the fire is out and the ashes are cool enough to touch.
Sometimes the fire can be caused intentionally. It's hard to decrease the probability of an arson, but there are several ways to do it. First, get to know all your neighbours and look for each other’s property. Remove any potential targets for arsonists. They may include piles of brush and leaves, trash, old furniture, abandoned vehicles and flammable liquids. If there is anything suspicious try to record any details and let the police know.
A wiring problem can cause a fire. To prevent that, сheck if all the elements of the electrical system work properly. All the cords and plugs that are worn out should be replaced.
Candles are well-known for starting fires. Don’t leave them unattended or otherwise put them out. Keep candles far from curtains and out of reach of children or pets.
Use only the tools you can work with. Nobody should be using items that they don’t understand. If you need to use the tools that involve high amounts of heat, read the instructions beforehand. Keep flammable things and fire starters out of children's reach. Educate your kids about all the danger of the fire and let them know that the fire has to be handled with caution.